Fort Gadsden in Apalachicola National Forest

    By Florida Division of Historic Resources Staff

    Franklin County's African American landmarks

    Florida has a rich and diverse history. African American landmarks and legacies exist in various locations throughout the state. The following historical site can be found in Franklin County.  While some of these sites can be visited, other listings are marked "private" and are not open to the public.


    Fort Gadsden, Apalachicola National Forest
    Forest Road 129-B, West of State Highway 65
    In 1814 the fort, located 50 miles from the then-U.S. boundary, served as a base for the recruitment of Indians and blacks fleeing slavery in Georgia and the Carolinas. After the fort was abandoned by the English in 1815, Andrew Jackson constructed Fort Scott on the opposing side of the Apalachicola River. Once completed in 1816, Fort Scott’s first order of business was to destroy the Negro Fort, as the English fort had come to be known. All but 30 of the 300 inhabitants died in the attack, and Fort Gadsden was constructed on its site. Fort Gadsden and the remains of the Negro Fort are found in the wilderness of the Apalachicola National Forest. Both are National Historic Landmarks, maintained by the U. S. Forest Service, with exhibits and artifact displays. (850) 523-8500.

    Adapted from Florida Black Heritage Trail, published by the Florida Department of State, in partnership with VISIT FLORIDA, copyright 2007.  For more information on African American sites, please visit

    Additional information can also be found at:

    The landscape of Apalachicola National Forest

    The landscape of Apalachicola National Forest

    - Contributed Photo

    Apalachicola National Forest

    Apalachicola National Forest


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