This paddling trail was likely used for travel and subsistence by the Calusa people, who lived along the coast of southwest Florida until they were nearly eradicated in the late 1700s. Living and surviving on the coast caused the tribesmen to become great sailors. They defended their land against other smaller tribes and European explorers who were traveling by water. The adjoining Calooshahatchee River, which means "River of the Calusa," was their main waterway. Due to its scenic and historic qualities, Hickey's Creek is a designated Florida paddling trail.