How One Man's 'New Jerusalem' Became Koreshan Historic Site

In 1894, Cyrus Teed brought his followers to 300 acres along the Estero River. When the group's members dwindled to four in 1961, they donated what is now the park site to the state.

Estero – A visit to the fascinating Koreshan State Historic Site originally a 19th century community founded on unusual religious and scientific tenets is simultaneously a walk back in time a challenge to contemporary beliefs and a chance to relax in Florida's natural beauty.

Open year round the site includes 11 remaining buildings of the more than 50 constructed by followers of Cyrus Teed a medical doctor from upstate New York.

Beginning in early 1870 when Teed was 30 he told people that while in a trancelike state he had been visited by a female form that told him he was the Messiah and that he should create a “New Jerusalem'' for his followers.

Teed took the name Koresh (pronounced core-ESH) Hebrew for Cyrus and wandered New York State proclaiming such Koreshan tenets as reincarnation and that God was both male and female.

He also announced that the universe was a rotating sphere inside the Earth.

Finally in the 1880s he found some acceptance while lecturing in Chicago. He moved there and gathered followers whom he called Koreshans. Believing his New Jerusalem would be 34 miles square with a population of 10 million Teed began seeking land. Which is what brought him on Jan. 1 1894 to the banks of the Estero River five miles from the Gulf of Mexico and 23 miles south of the only community there Fort Myers.

Within a few weeks the German immigrant who had invited Teed sold him 300 acres along the river. The Koreshans quickly loaded their belongings on trains headed south.

Now park visitors need only walk a few yards along the crushed-shell paths to stand amid what those northerners encountered: palms oaks magnolias azaleas Spanish bayonet...

The industrious Koreshans were to build a three-story dining hall and dormitory a bakery sawmill electricity-generating plant school two general stores machine shops and sleeping cabins.

The first permanent structure in 1896 was a two-story Founder's Home occupied in separate apartments by Teed and the woman whom he selected to be the Moon to his Sun.

In 1904 they built a lovely two-story residence known as the Planetary Court for the seven women who administered day-to-day matters.

About 1905 the settlers constructed a handsome wood-paneled Art Hall the venue for concerts by their 13-piece orchestra – often attended by Fort Myers winter residents Thomas Edison and Henry Ford.

Park visitors can tour the one-story Art Hall and the ground floors of the Founder's Home and Planetary Court.
Walls of the Art Hall are adorned with paintings some by Teed's estranged son. On the stage is an 1885 Steinway made with 85 keys (pianos typically have 88 keys); it is still played.
Also in the Hall is a unique artifact from 1897 resembling two giant T-squares joined to each other. To “prove'' that the Earth's surface was the concave interior of a giant globe inside which the universe rotated Teed had four of these “rectilineators” put end to end on Fort Myers Beach measurements were taken to keep the devices level with the horizon and then they were continually moved until they had covered 4.7 miles. According to Teed the subsequent readings proved his theory.
Near the surviving rectilineator one globe rotates inside another to represent the universe within the Earth.
In the Founder's House artifacts have been placed to re-create Teed's study according to photos taken before he died in December 1908. A looping video recounts the history of the Koreshan Unity Settlement.
The Planetary Court has been restored to the conditions of its 1928 appearance. A curator has furnished the seven women's bedrooms with artifacts based on snapshots displayed in a scrapbook. A large photo of Teed dominates the entry hall.
Rangers lead tours of these three buildings and visitors can enter seven other structures. The New Store built in 1920 to replace an aging general store on U.S. 41 was closed in 1963 and is not open for tours.
When the resident Koreshans had dwindled to four in 1961 they donated what is now the park site to the state. But the community had purchased thousands of surrounding acres and much of that was sold in the 1990s to residential developers. The proceeds are held by the Teed-created organization now known as the College of Life Foundation.

If You Go

The Koreshan State Historic Site is on Corkscrew Road at U.S. 41 about three miles west of I-75. It is open year-round and offers overnight camping at 60 sites which have water and electricity fire rings and picnic tables. The campground has showers and a playground. Pets are allowed.

The park has nature trails canoes for rent and free booklets for self-guided tours including one that locates the numerous non-native plants the Koreshans imported to create gardens.
Among special events during the busy season (January-March) ghost walks are conducted four times a night the last Friday and Saturday in January and the first Friday and Saturday in February. The fee is $10.

Another event the annual Taste of History luncheon will be held Feb. 23 2013. Dine on authentic Koreshan recipes from servers in period dress.
Admission to the park is $4 for a single-occupant vehicle and $5 for two to eight passengers. For more information or to reserve a campsite call 239-992-0311 or go to

In a 39-year career at the St. Petersburg Times Robert N. Jenkins served as editor of national state and feature news and for 19 years was the Times' travel editor. He still lives in St. Petersburg and his web site is

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