Description: Elongate and compressed body. Head strongly depressed, with four pairs of barbels. A long air sac that extends backwards from the gill chamber functions as a lung. Short dorsal fin with no leading spine and no distinct adipose fin. Pectoral spines have poison glands that are dangerous to humans.
Species: One genus, three species.
Range: Pakistan to Thailand.
Habitat: Rivers and ponds, mostly turbid waters.
Spawning Habitats: Not known.
Feeding Habits: Nocturnal and omnivorous.
Age and Growth: Up to one foot in length.
Potential Concerns: All members of the family Heteropneustidae are prohibited. Sting can be dangerous to people. Some are raised in aquaculture for food and medicinal value.