Fort Gadsden: British Fort at Apalachicola National Forest
By Hilda Mitrani
British Fort, also known as Fort Gadsden, is a National Historic Landmark located in the Apalachicola National Forest. Like Fort Mosé near St. Augustine, British Fort is a precursor site to the Underground Railroad.
Near Sumatra, Florida, it's approximately 15 miles from the mouth of the Apalachicola River and is a short distance from State Road 65. According to the National Park Service, the significance of British Fort is its testament to the resistance to slavery that arose decades before abolitionism became organized and influential.
Here, runaway slaves and Seminole Indians traded for goods and forged an alliance that would allow the runaway slaves to cultivate crops, paying one-third of their produce to the Indians. The two communities lived side-by-side and collaborated.
British Fort has an interesting history. Read more about it here then use the National Park Service website to plan your visit.